"We are constantly taking ideas from the spiritual world and forming them into our own conception of the things we desire. Sometimes the finished product does not satisfy or please us. That is because we have taken the idea away from its true parents, wisdom and love." Daily Guru

Lessons from our ancestors

by Megan Lane

FILED IN: Issue 6 · Sustainability

For a year five experts ditched theory for practice, running a Welsh farm using 17th Century methods.

The bbc series “Tales from the Green Valley” follows historians and archaeologists as they recreate farm life from the age of the Stuarts. They wear the clothes, eat the food and use the tools, skills and technology of the 1620s.

It was a time when daily life was a hard grind, intimately connected with the physical environment where routines were dictated by the weather and the seasons.

A far cry from today’s experience of the countryside, which for many involves a bracing walk ahead of a pub lunch. While few would choose to live a 17th Century lifestyle, the participants found they picked up some valuable tips for modern life.

1. Know thy neighbours.
Today it’s possible to live alone, without knowing anyone within a 20-mile radius (the same goes for townies). That was simply not possible in the past—not only did the neighbours provide social contact, people shared labour, specialist skills and produce. “And women were judged on good neighbourliness,” says historian Ruth Goodman. “If you were willing to help others—particularly during and after childbirth—then others would be more prepared to help you in times of need.”

2. Share the load.
It was nigh on impossible to run a 1620s farm single-handedly, and the family—either blood relatives, or a farmer, his wife and hired help—had to be multi-skilled. Labour, too, was often divided along gender lines, but at busy periods, such as harvest time, it was all hands on deck.

3. Fewer creature comforts have some benefits.
No electricity meant once daylight faded, work stopped in favour of conversation, music-making and knitting. And no carpets meant fewer dust mites, which are linked to asthma and allergies. “They scattered herbs on the floor which released scent when trodden on—this drove out flies and other insects,” says Ms Goodman.

4. Eat seasonally.
Today it’s because of “food miles” and the inferior quality of forced products. In the 1620s, it was because foods were only available at certain times of year—and not just fruit and veg. Mutton, for instance, was in abundance in spring, soon after shearing time. This was because a sheep’s wool quality plunges after eight years—thus animals of that age were killed after their final fleece was removed.

5. Tasty food comes in small batches.
Today farmers’ markets are a tourist attraction and many delight in regional specialities. For these producers play to the strengths of their ingredients, unlike, for instance, the makers of mass-produced cheese. This has to taste the same year-round, despite seasonal variations in milk quality. “So high-quality milk in the spring is downgraded so the finished product is consistent throughout the year,” says Ms Goodman.

6. Reuse and recycle.
Today we throw away vast mountains of packaging, food, garden waste and other materials. In 1620s, there was a use for everything, with tattered bed linens made into fire-lighters and animal fat into soap. Even human waste had uses. Faeces was a fertiliser, and urine was stored to make ammonia to remove laundry stains.

7. Dress for practicalities.
Today fashion and social convention dictate our wardrobes. While polar fleeces and high-performance tramping boots may be all the rage when going rural, the wardrobe of 400 years ago proved more comfortable. “While the crew shivered in their modern garb, we never felt the cold in just two layers—a linen shirt and woollen doublet,” says archaeologist Alex Langlands. Breeches meant no wet and muddy trouser legs, and staying covered up—rather than stripping off in the heat—prevented bites, stings, sunburn and scratches.

8. Corsets, not bras.
“By that I don’t mean Victorian corseting,” says Ms Goodman. “Corsets support your back as well as your chest, and don’t leave red welts on your skin like bra elastic does. They made it hard to breath walking up hills, but I get short of breath doing that anyway. And most people feel sexy in a corset.”

9. Biodiversity protects against unforeseen calamity.
While the developed world no longer counts the cost of crop failure in starvation and mass migration—the result of Ireland’s Great Potato Famine in 1845—the 2001 foot-and-mouth crisis decimated farms up and down the country as animals, the farmers’ livelihoods, were put to death. The 1620s farm had grains, fruit and vegetables, and a range of animals—if one failed, alternatives were available.

10. Reliance on any one thing leaves you vulnerable.
Hence the country ground to a halt during the petrol blockades of 2000, and a shortage of coal during 1978-9’s Winter of Discontent caused electricity shortages. On the 1620s farm, when oxen used to plough fields fell ill, the implements were reshaped and horses did the job instead.

11. No pesticides means a richer variety of birds, butterflies and other insects, many of which feast on pests—a result as desirable for the gardener as the farmer.
And the hedgerow and fields of wild flowers of the past are today making a comeback, as these provide habitats for these creatures and allow edible plants to flourish.


  • A Farm in the Kouga So, spring caught us by surprise in this beautiful environment, not only with blazing hot weather, but also blossoms on our almond trees, birds and...
  • Synergy Schooling What does school have to do with now, today, this moment of life? A school with answers to this question has emerged in the rural...
  • South Africa’s wine industry: a horror story Our wine industry is responsible not only for the dreadful consequences of the ‘dop system’ but also for the massacre of a wide variety of...
  • Animals eat each other, so why shouldn’t we eat them? Even if this were a sound argument, it would not justify rearing animals in inhumane conditions, and it would only justify hunting wild animals. It can...
  • Why Eat Local? 13 lucky reasons to buy your veggies from a farmer’s market or your local organic shop… 1 Taste the difference At a farmers’ market or local organic...
  • Reasons for Africa to reject GM Africa is fast becoming a dumping ground for the GM industry and a laboratory for frustrated scientists. The proponents of GM technology sell a sweet...


  1. If you liked reading this article, you might like to know more about the TV series. I was the Director/Producer of this 12 part series, and wrote several features about how it was made and the background history. You can find out more by visiting by website - http://www.petersommer.com/about-peter-sommer-travels/tales-from-the-green-valley.php

    Comment by Peter Sommer

  2. Lesson from our Ancestors gets an A+ from me. One more thing we could learn from our ancestors is love of the (hand) written word and conversation. Who writes letters in their own hand these days? One needs to receive one to appreciate the specialness of a handwritten letter - be the subject love, family, business or politics. It would be wonderful to start a groundswell of people writing by hand to other people. People speaking with others. Listening to the opinions of others. Sharing their own opinions. There is too much e-lingo, texting and twittering for our own good. Get to know others in this ancestoral fashion!

    Comment by Tsomo

  3. Hello, I really liked this article. I’m not sure that I would enjoy going back to this way of life completely, but I will say I can see the benefits of natural materials next to my skin instead of man-made fibres. Also I love the idea of less dust mites and can say that I walk on wood floors in most areas of my home but when I stand for any period of time on my concrete/tiled kitchen floor my back aches unbelievedly. I have a small veggie patch and when I am desperate and haven’t been to the shops, I can always find something to add to a rice or pasta dish to make a decent meal. The ancestrial idea is wonderful - not sure I’m brave enough to do it 100%. Thanks for interesting article.

    Comment by Lesley Anne Morgan

Leave a comment

Subscribe to comments on this post


Cover of Issue 28

Issue 29 of Biophile is going electronic and will be available soon. It will also be available to our international readers. Stay tuned or contact us for more details! find out more


I was just checking the website of the SEXPO which has just visited SA, this is what the Cape Town site says. . . . “The world’s largest Health, Sexuality and Lifestyle expo is coming back to Slaapstad and it’s bigger and sexier than ever! continue reading


Biophile magazine is published every two months by Biophile cc. The magazine is edited by Chris Lautenbach, while subscriptions and advertising are managed by Lindsay Mitchell.
The telephone number is 021 789 0694 and you can send faxes to 086 514 9668 and letters to PO Box 39277 Capricorn Square 7948.


Visit Ecotelly.com for more videos


Award Web

Biophile recently received recognition for its contribution to the print & internet category at the 20th SAB Environmentalist & Environmental Journalists of the year Awards. Congratulations to a dedicated team!